INTRODUCTION

Learning and training aimed to improve not only personal skills and achievements but also organizational effectiveness. As organizations continue to focus on the value of hands-on learning, they are finding that it is no longer possible to provide their employees with traditional instructional programs such as a teacher-led classes or self-paced e-learning. Because older students can be encouraged if learning meets their work-related needs [16], they prefer to learn by interacting with others with more work experience than by learning from class teachers. The development of the necessary knowledge and skills requires the knowledge of our colleagues and mentors, who have the right prior knowledge and tools to solve and overcome various problems related to learning. Collaborative learning refers to teaching methods that encourage students to work together in academic activities. A summary of the research literature shows that collective learning can promote both deep learning and critical thinking by sharing the ideas and experiences of others.

This is very different from traditional live streaming or one-way communication with teachers. In integrated learning, teaching evolves from a teacher-centered to a student-centered paradigm because knowledge is seen as a social structure governed by peer-to-peer communication, evaluation, and collaboration.

The advent and use of Web 2.0 technologies have also promoted student-centered and selected fields of study. According to O’Reilly (2005), Network 2.0 hosts web applications such as wikis, blogs, Twitter, and Facebook and is considered the second generation of web-based services. Such tools have been widely used in schools and workplaces. As a result, experimentation with online collaborative learning technology is spreading rapidly. This community has enabled collaborative student-led learning that allows teachers to take on another supportive role. In this case, new publications are created and used in cooperation with others. Knowledge is constructed and shared, rather than simply handed over to the authorities and needlessly consumed, or worse, simply ignored.